“31 percent of the men who graduated Oxford in 1913 were killed.”—On today’s Fresh Air, historian Adam Hochschild explains why WWI was different than other major conflicts: “It was different because it was the tradition in most of the major countries for upper-class young men to have military careers, and then it became those young captains and lieutenants.” (via nprfreshair)
May 6th is International Permaculture Day, and I want to celebrate. Most people who want to learn Permaculture do so by earning a Permaculture Design Certificate. This piece of paper is really great, but also really expensive ($1500 to $3000). Guess what? You don’t need a PDC…
In his 2012 State of the Union address, President Barack Obama proposed that teachers should “stop teaching to the test” and that the nation should “reward the best ones” and “replace teachers who just aren’t helping kids learn.”
This all sounds sensible, but it is in fact a contradictory message.
The president’s signature education program, called Race to the Top, encourages states to award bonuses to teachers whose students get higher test scores (they are, presumably “the best ones”) and to fire teachers if their students get lower test scores (presumably the teachers “who just aren’t helping kids”). If teachers want to stay employed, they must “teach to the test.” The president recommends that teachers stop doing what his own policies make necessary and prudent.
“For many the choice between Bolshevism and Fascism is rather like a choice between Satan and Beelzebub. It is difficult to say anything comforting about this. It is clear that the twentieth century is the most disturbed century within the memory of humanity. Any contemporary of ours who wants peace and comfort before anything has chosen a bad time to be born.”—Leon Trotsky on the New Germany - 22 March 1933 (Manchester Guardian)